The Router Report —production update on Subutai Blockchain Router v2.0

by OptDyn Co-CEO/Founder Alex Karasulu, CMO Sally Khudairi, and Subutai Community Manager Felipe Fonseca




Last Friday we were onsite at LSI-TEC (Laboratório de Sistemas Integráveis Tecnológico), our partners in São Paulo, Brazil, who are manufacturing the Industrial Edition of the Subutai Blockchain Router v2.0.

The Subutai Blockchain Router v2.0 is a power-efficient “green” broadband Cloud router and open hardware IoT gateway. As a Subutai appliance, the router comes preinstalled with Subutai’s PeerOS tuned and hardware accelerated.

Aimed at mission-critical IoT applications, the Subutai Blockchain Router Industrial Edition uses higher grade temperature resistant chips that operate between -40°C and 100°C. As opposed to the Residential Edition which mines cryptocurrency, the programmable logic for the Industrial Edition is dedicated to critical IoT security operations. The Blockchain Router’s hardware based IoT security subsystem combined with its interoperability with PMOD, Arduino, and Raspberry Pi shields has brought it to the forefront of Brazil’s national IoT standards, and serves as the high-end IoT gateway for several highly-visible programs, including Itaipu Binacional, the world’s largest generator of renewable energy, and Ilumina SP, the smart city illumination initiative for the State of São Paulo.

Seeing the Subutai Blockchain Router in production feels like Christmas! We’re excited to share our experience with you —

A batch of OptDyn’s Subutai Blockchain Router engineering units are entering the surface mount technology assembly (SMT) line in São Paulo. Here’s a unit going in:

Here’s a test of the positioning of its larger components such as the RJ54 connectors, video and USB ports. The Arduino and Raspberry Pi headers are clearly visible on the lower left hand side.

Here’s the pallette of Xylinx Zynq MPSoC chips (with FPGA and processors) fed into the SMT line. This 3D FPGA and its quad core ARM 64-bit processors power the Subutai Blockchain Router.

After the placement of the Xilinx Zync BGA package:

Placing other components on the board:

Cartridges hold reels of passive components placed onto the board as it goes through the SMT line.

Additional passives being placed and soldered to the board. Note the robotic arm holding the components.

Here’s the entire SMT line. The long deep oven in the back actually heats and cools down the board. The Router’s board is complex with _16-layers_ requiring special thermal conditions.

Our Subutai Community Manager Felipe Fonseca and Arthur Barcellos from LSITEC giving the thumbs up.

To deliver on the promise of the Subutai Blockchain Router is a dream come true. We are continually thinking of new ways to push the technology envelope, and are perpetually obsessed with security (be sure to check out our technical white paper on hardware security for mission-critical IoT applications).

We are tremendously proud to have reached this milestone with the Subutai Blockchain Router, and welcome queries at .

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P2P Cloud is Native Multicloud

by OptDyn Co-CEO/Founder Alex Karasulu

Beware of Single Cloud

We’ve been seeing the warning signs of depending on single cloud providers for some time now. Whether it is the vendor lock-in, the costs, or the privacy issues now with the CLOUD Act, nothing hurts more than down time when the cloud provider goes down.

Multicloud Holy Grail

This week outages on Spotify, Snapchat and others due to issues on now Google’s Cloud Platform occurred. Down time hurts worst of all and has driven several large clients away from the single provider model towards multi-cloud. According to Wikipedia’s definition of multicloud,

Multicloud is the use of multiple cloud computing and storage services in a single heterogeneous architecture. This also refers to the distribution of cloud assets, software, applications, etc. across several cloud-hosting environments. With a typical multicloud architecture utilizing two or more public clouds as well as multiple private clouds, a multicloud environment aims to eliminate the reliance on any single cloud provider.

This implies the capability to move infrastructure (applications and things they use to operate like databases) without downtime and data loss between multiple cloud providers in response to individual provider outages. Additionally an intelligent broker is need to constantly shop around to optimize cost vs. performance. Doing all that without skipping a heartbeat is really hard. In the end, the cloud platform manages your custom infrastructure as a service across N-different cloud platforms. Multicloud is hard to implement properly especially if it’s not the core pursuit or founding basis to any cloud technology.

Native Multicloud is the Holy Grail

Once the word was out that Multicloud is the “Holy grail of cloud computing”, many vendors started adding multi-cloud functionality on top of their existing platforms. The process got uglier with each cloud provider added, ad hoc, to produce awkward Frankensteins. Security and consistent reliable operation was the first to suffer. If you’re not using a multicloud platform designed from day one, what I call a native multicloud platform, then be weary of running your mission critical infrastructure on it.

You might find that failures and security threats are much more common than going the route of a single cloud provider. At least with a single cloud provider the security surface area does not expand out with unpredictable behavior. The only option is to use a native multicloud solution designed specifically for multicloud. That’s the holy grail, not patched legacy cloud platforms.

Relationship Between P2P Cloud and Multicloud

The benefits and advantages of native multicloud systems were being discussed in academia years before the term was invented under the domain of Peer-to-Peer systems. P2P cloud has been studied and championed by acknowledged academics and acclaimed leaders in open source like Ozalp Babaoglu one of the principal designers of BSD Unix and a professor at the University of Bologna. Prof. Babaoglu has published several papers and articles on P2P cloud.

P2P cloud is N-way native multicloud without any limit on the number of providers. Each peer in a swarm is a provider of resources. Each peer contributes resources to run a segment of the cloud environment with infrastructure and applications. The concept of perpetually migrating infrastructure to maintain a desired state in ephemeral environments is caked into the paradigm. Decentralized security is a central concept. Perpetually searching for resources to satisfy user needs (governance rules) is built in. It is the original theoretical foundation to native multicloud systems. It is the holy grail that everyone is looking for.

Subutai is a P2P Native Multicloud Platform

Subutai is a clean room implementation of a next generation native multicloud platform (a P2P cloud platform) enabled by the blockchain. The blockchain is used to implement a marketplace to find and rent resources across peers while strengthening trust and accountability on the platform’s reputation system. The blockchain provides the last missing part of the puzzle perplexing researchers for some time now.

If you’re curious and interested in being part of the cloud revolution taking place, come join us. Become a provider to rent resources and earn cryptocurrency. Come join the Subutai Horde.  

Cloud Computing Doesn’t Have to Mean Signing Away Your Privacy

Screenshot 2018-07-12 at 23.16.15

From its very inception, the Internet was about decentralization. Most directly, it decentralized nations’ telecom infrastructure, and let people interact through increasingly personalized online platforms. But in a larger sense, the Internet decentralized a huge proportion of modern life, from starting a business, to searching for flights, and even to finding a date. Pre-existing power structures were never the same.

Recently, however, the Internet veered away from this core value of decentralization.

Most obviously there is the continuing concentration of wealth, and thus power within a small number of enormous corporations––most especially in Facebook, Amazon, and Google/Alphabet. Their dominance has made it harder for small companies to find a foothold in the market, and in turn it has caused a downturn in truly innovative, consumer-facing ideas. These large corporations, oligarchs, often intentionally hold back features rather than undercut some other product they sell, and in many ways inter-brand compatibility has never been worse.

Historically, ISPs (Internet Service Providers) haven’t engaged heavily in this sort of behavior because they have been restrained by various telecommunication laws and, eventually, by Net Neutrality legislation. Now, concerted efforts by these ISPs have resulted in the near-total destruction of the Net Neutrality regime — which means that, if anything, this trend away from the decentralized Internet is set to accelerate greatly in the near future.

The only solution is to introduce another decentralizing technology, something that so fundamentally changes the relationship between the user and their data that it can restart the Internet’s initial attempt to disrupt the status quo.

Subutai is that solution. The Internet was initially supposed to be decentralized based on the fact that its servers were located all over the world, but those servers soon collected into a finite list of corporate-owned master cloud computing locations. Subutai, on the other hand, uses blockchain technology to decentralize computing resources. In essence, they break apart the traditionally centralized master cloud, and separate it into small clouds created and controlled by each user.

Subutai allows you to share unused resources on the computers you already own, but the implications stretch far beyond bang-for-your-computing-buck. When you own your own cloud, when you are your own cloud service provider, there are no limits to what you can do––no artificial control that arises more from the convenience of unaccountable corporations, than the interests of real users.

However, just letting people share and re-use their own computing power has a limited ability to democratize and decentralize cloud computing in general, since many cloud computing tasks require far more speed than one person’s devices can provide, even when combined.

It’s one of the reasons why Subutai developed the Bazaar — a blockchain-driven marketplace that takes the concept of computational bartering to its logical conclusion and acts as “the Airbnb of Cloud and IoT Computing Resources”. Subutai’s internal coupon token, called GoodWill, allows users to pay for temporary use of idle computer resources on servers around the world. It also means users can rent out their idle resources when they are not in use, using their downtime to subsidize those times when they need to purchase a little extra juice.

It’s where the Subutai Blockchain Router v2.0 also steps in to decentralize the cloud. It acts as a dedicated cryptocurrency wallet and mining device, drawing just 18 watts of power. The Subutai Blockchain Router mines cryptocurrency more efficiently than all other solutions currently available.

Acting as a holistic solution, Subutai lowers the barrier to truly powerful cloud computing, and opens the world of business to a wider swathe of people than ever before. Subutai is decentralizing one of the most powerful business communication tools available today, cloud computing, and while there is no telling exactly how users will choose to put that tool to work, the possibilities are virtually endless.

Just like the creation of the internet itself, Subutai offers a chance for people everywhere, our Horde, to show what they can do when they’re given the chance to decentralize and wrest away power from corporate oligarchs.

Join our Horde and discover new ways to manage cloud computing and crypto-mining.

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Conquer the Cloud with Subutai Blueprints: Nextcloud – easy, flexible, secure cloud storage

Felipe Fonseca

By Subutai Community Manager Felipe Fonseca

At Subutai, we promote open source solutions that demonstrate the benefits and potential of peer-to-peer cloud computing. By using the Subutai blueprint for Nextcloud, you gain full use of the features of this file share and communication platform, and are able to store data in one or more locations of your choice.

Nowadays, we generate and consume a growing amount of pictures, videos, and audio files. It is a common issue that we end up with no place to store all of these files. Our smartphones get full and we transfer the files to a computer hard drive, which also gets full in no time. Some of us may resort to performing regular backups to external hard drives. But then again, how do we ensure that our data is not lost if we lose the hard drive or if it stops working?

There are commercial solutions to these issues that make the backup process easy for us. Think of those smartphone apps that can back up our files automatically. What’s good about them is that they store our files in the cloud. And, it costs us almost nothing to use these cloud storage services. So, is this the ultimate solution to our storage and backup issues? Probably not when we consider how easy it is for cloud service providers to gain access to our private files, constantly analyzing and cross-relating our content without even notifying us about it. True enough, the same app that sends our pictures to the cloud for backup can also ensue huge threats to our privacy.

One of the biggest advantages offered by the Subutai platform is precisely the ability to choose exactly where our data will be stored and accessed from. It could be in your own computer, in a friend’s or relative’s computer, or in one maintained by a provider that you rely on. If you want, you can create a cloud using several computers that are distributed in different parts of the world. You might wonder how security can be assured with this kind of setup. The advantage of using Subutai’s P2P cloud computing is that you can choose exactly where your application will run from. If you have sensitive data, you can install the PeerOS and run applications from your own peer. Alternatively, you can use those of friends or relatives, or peers provided by commercial providers that you trust.

I’ll show you how it works from a tutorial that I’ve prepared about setting up Nextcloud in someone else’s Peer.

Nextcloud Blueprint

Here’s the Nextcloud blueprint. I chose Nextcloud because it is an open and powerful solution that can be used for many ends, one of the more important being file synchronization. Drop by the Nextcloud website to find out about other features that you can use to your advantage.

Just some prerequisites before you start:

  • Subutai Bazaar account credentials for logging in. To help you set up an account, take a quick look at our Getting Started page.
  • PGP key set up in Account settings. For this, we recommend that you use our E2E browser plugin, which will generate and manage the PGP keys for you.

Ready to start? Watch the video and soon enough, you might find yourself setting up peer-to-peer cloud environments for friends and family, or even renting your own spare resources for others to use.

Once the new environment is built, you can gain access to a fully functional Nextcloud instance through your own URL. Take a look:

Captura de tela de 2018-07-04 16-37-19

You can then use Nextcloud’s mobile and desktop clients to easily back up and synchronize your files. Enjoy it!

Subutai Unlocks the World’s Computing Power

Subutai – Democratizing Cloud Computing

Right now, the $760 billion cloud computing industry survives on the basis of one very simple pitch: When your own computing devices are inadequate to meet your needs, you should simply order more storage and speed a-la-carte from major tech companies. The whole system is balanced on the idea that this pitch is sound.

But what if almost every cloud computing customer already has the power they need to ditch the cloud oligopoly for good, and they just don’t know it yet?

What if cloud computing could be democratized?

The world currently overlooks and wastes an overwhelming volume of all available computing resources. Companies like Microsoft, IBM, Amazon, and Google have a vested interest in making cloud computing overly complex and expensive for the average customer to make use of all the redundant resources they’ve already purchased.

A solution exists, however, that can disrupt many industries, the same way it’s already disrupting the global financial industry, and that solution is the blockchain.

Distributed ledger technology has already demonstrated a unique ability to disrupt huge entrenched oligopolies comprised of powerful corporations. Subutai democratizes cloud computing for everyone in exactly the same way.

Subutai is a progressive and innovative marriage of multiple technologies. In principle, the distributed computing platform is designed to be disruptive in a way similar to how Bitcoin shook up the financial industry, but respective of Google and Amazon rather than Wells Fargo and J.P. Morgan. Subutai brings together idle cloud computing resources so you, or your business, can cost effectively capitalize on a variety of services. You can configure your proprietary cloud to do what you need it to do, rather than being shackled by the limitations imposed by unaccountable cloud service providers.

Making all these possibilities a reality is the Subutai Open Source software stack, now in its 7th release. Subutai PeerOS can turn any computer into a personalized cloud computing platform, freeing that computer to offload complex tasks to the cloud, and also make its own idle downtime available for others to leverage.

Simply connecting all of your devices is not enough, you need Subutai to help access all of that idle power on a global scale. Sequentially, Subutai also developed the Subutai Bazaar, a marketplace that allows users to buy, sell, and trade computing resources between each other. Subutai blockchain technology facilitates easy and secure resource trading, democratizing the incredible power of computers all over the globe.

Coordinating a real-time, ad-hoc network of computing power like that is not easy, so Subutai also developed the Subutai Blockchain Router v2.0. This revolutionary device improves the networking efficiency of PeerOS by actively identifying and avoiding network bottlenecks. It improves security and monitors the contents of incoming packets of information. The Subutai Blockchain Router is a green cryptocurrency wallet and mining device that allows users to easily enter the cryptocurrency economy.

Our router’s efficiency will increase over time with updates to firmware, but right now, it is estimated that our router will generate a rate of up to $45 USD/month worth of Ether at current rates. The Subutai Blockchain Router v2.0 draws just 18 watts of power, making it up to 1,083 percent more efficient, and thus considerably “greener” than traditional GPU mining boards.

Using the Subutai ecosystem means that the agile, decentralized startups that have the most success in today’s market could considerably reduce their cloud computing and mining costs. With the addition of just a few Subutai Blockchain Routers (which in ideal conditions could pay for themselves within eight months), a network can run on decentralized peer-to-peer apps rather than expensive, centralized, and inherently insecure master cloud computing services from a third party, like Google.

Democratization is all about putting power back in your hands, and it’s our goal to ensure that reality becomes common place. We’re disrupting and changing cloud computing forever.

Join Our Horde!